Best Naturopath Vernon - The existence of high cholesterol levels within the blood is called hypercholesterolemia. Even if it is not a disease, it is considered a metabolic derangement which could be caused by several sicknesses, especially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is closely connected to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, which translates to elevated levels of lipoproteins within the blood and hyperlipidemia which means elevated levels of lipids in the blood.
Different factors can contribute to high cholesterol levels within the blood. Elevated levels of cholesterol within the blood are caused by abnormalities in lipoprotein levels within the blood, since these are the particles that are responsible for carrying cholesterol in the bloodstream. Genetic factors like for instance LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, diet and sicknesses like for example underactive thyroid or diabetes can all be contributing issues. The type of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle kind is present in excess, like for instance, low-density lipoprotein or LDL.
High cholesterol can be treated by reducing the intake of cholesterol, and by ingesting various medications. For specifically severe subtypes, an operation may be required but this is a rare alternative.
Signs and Symptoms
When there are yellowish-coloured patches consisting of cholesterol deposits found in the eyelids is known as Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common sign in individuals who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
Hypercholesterolemia is an asymptomatic condition, however the longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol that can result in atherosclerosis. The formation of atheromatous plaques within the arteries could be caused by chronically high serum cholesterol. This could take decades to develop. This condition result in the progressive stenosis or narrowing of the involved arteries. In several patients, complete occlusion or blockage can take place. These occluded or stenotic arteries greatly reduce organ function due to the lack of blood supply to the affected tissues and organs. Eventually, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia may manifest as specific symptoms.
A TIA or transient ischemic attack is momentary ischemia of the brain. This condition could manifest as dizziness, difficulty speaking or aphasia, temporary vision loss, weakness or paresis and tingling or numbness on one side of the body referred to as paresthesia. When inadequate blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain can be the effect. If ischemia of the eye takes place, a momentary visual loss could happen in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking can be due to inadequate blood supply in the legs and not enough blood supply in the intestines can present as abdominal pain after eating.
Certain types of hypercholesterolemia can present in specific ways. Like for instance, other than the Xanthelasma palpebrarum discussed above, there may also be gray or white discoloration of the peripheral cornea, known as arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material called xanthomata could be found on the tendons especially in the fingers. Type III hyperlipidema can be linked with xanthomata of the palms, elbows and knees.
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