Vernon Medical Clinics - The medical term "Respiratory Disease" encompasses various pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues which make gas exchange possible. Respiratory disease includes conditions of the bronchi, upper respiratory tract, bronchioles, trachea, pleura, pleural cavity, alveoli in addition to the nerves and muscles responsible for breathing. Respiratory diseases range from self-limiting and mild like the common cold for example, to life-threatening conditions such as bacterial pneumonia, ling cancer and pulmonary embolism.
Pulmonology is the study of respiratory disease and a medical doctor specializing in this field particularly is called a pulmonologist. Different names used for this medical practitioner include: a thoracic medicine specialist, a respiratory medicine specialist, a chest medicine expert and a respirologist.
There are many classifications utilized for the various respiratory diseases; they can be classed by the organ or tissue involved or can be classed by the type and pattern of associated signs and symptoms, or according to the cause of the disease or etiology.
Inflammatory Lung Disease
Inflammatory Lung Disease is characterized by a high neutrophil count. Some examples comprise: acute respiratory distress syndrome, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
Allergic responses are a common cause of acute respiratory disease. This is caused by the exposure to various agents and foods. Common allergens that are found in foods can include radish, lemon, sea foods such as some prawns and fatty fish, peanuts, bananas, pomegranates, dairy and ice creams, arrowroot, lemon, lady's finger and berries. Climate may likewise affect some people since dusty and sandy climate during summer can make the quality of air poor for individuals who are sensitive.
Obstructive Lung Diseases
This category of lung diseases are where the airways consisting of the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli become reduced in volume or else have the free flow of gas impeded, therefore making it more difficult to move air in and out of the lungs.
COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD's including asthma and various obstructive lung diseases, the airways have become damaged and allow them to narrow.
Restrictive Lung Diseases or Interstitial Lung Diseases
This is a category of respiratory disease which is characterized by a loss of lung compliance. These lung diseases cause increased lung stiffness and incomplete lung expansion. IRDS or likewise known as Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome is an instance.
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections can affect any part of the respiratory system. They are traditionally divided into lower respiratory tract infections and upper respiratory tract infections.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
The common cold is the most common kind of upper respiratory infection. Infections of particular organs located within the upper respiratory tract such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and otitis media are likewise in this category.
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
The most common lower respiratory tract infection is pneumonia. This particular lung infection would normally be a result of Streptococcus within the Western world. Tuberculosis is a large reason for pneumonia throughout the globe. Different fungi and viruses could cause pneumonia too, for instance pneumocystis pneumonia and acute respiratory syndrome.
Tumors in the respiratory system are either benign or malignant.
Pleural Cavity Diseases
Pleural cavity diseases consist of mesothelioma and emphysema. A pleural effusion is a build up of fluid in the pleural cavity. This can be due to conditions like cirrhosis and congestive heart failure, because the fluid from the bloodstream shifts into the pleural cavity. Diseases here may likewise happen from pleura inflammation, TB, pulmonary embolus, mesothelioma and other conditions.
The pneumothorax is a hole in the pleura that helps to cover the lungs, where air is allowed inside the lungs to escape into the pleural cavity. A tension pneumothorax is a severe kind of this where the air is unable to escape in the pleural cavity and the pressure eventually gets bigger compressing the blood vessels and the heart, leading to a dangerous life-threatening situation.
Pulmonary Vascular Diseases
Pulmonary Vascular Diseases are some conditions which affect the pulmonary flow. Instances of these diseases comprise: Pulmonary arterial hypertension, Pulmonary hemorrhage, Pulmonary edema and Pulmonary embolism.
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