Alternative Medicine Vernon - The levels of blood glucose refers to sugar or glucose present in the blood. The body maintains a standard range of blood glucose between 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L which literally translates to millimoles/liter. The range could also be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates level of blood glucose.
The body's primary source of energy for its cells is glucose, whilst the blood lipids that are in the forms of fats and oils, provide a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose available for cell absorption. Insulin is primarily produced within the body by the pancreas.
For human beings, the standard normal level of blood glucose is practically 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, that is in milligrams/decilitre. During the day it is common for the blood glucose levels to fluctuate. Normally, glucose levels are lowest during the morning before having breakfast. The reading is referred to often as "the fasting level." Levels usually increase following meals for an hour or two. When levels of blood sugar fall outside of the normal range, this could be a sign of a medical situation. When the level is persistently high, it is called hyperglycemia and conversely, levels that are low are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
The main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus is persistent hyperglycemia. This particular disease is the most common of all illnesses connected to the failure to regulate blood sugar. Trauma, severe stress, myocardial infarction, sickness, stroke or surgical procedure may also lead to temporarily high levels of blood sugar. An initial surge in blood sugar can likewise happen due to intake of alcohol, though afterward it tends to cause levels to decline.
Hypoglycaemia develops if the blood sugar levels decline very low. The condition can be potentially fatal. Among the indications of hypoglycaemia consist of lethargy, impaired mental functioning, twitching, irritability, shaking, and loss of consciousness, paranoid or aggressive mentality, sweating, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and possibly even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain too high. Amongst the long-term health conditions related with diabetes can happen as a result of long-term hyperglycemia. Health problems may include nerve damage, heart disease, and kidney and eye damage.
Low Blood Sugar
The mechanisms which help to restore satisfactory levels of glucose post hypoglycaemia must be effective and quick in order to prevent very serious consequences of inadequate glucose. If untreated, hypoglycaemia could lead to unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have too little amounts of glucose in the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
Within healthy people, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are usually somewhat efficient. Generally, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is present only in diabetics using pharmacological treatment or insulin. The swiftness and severity of hypoglycaemic episodes may differ greatly between individuals. In severe instances, prompt medical help is immediately needed because brain damage and damage to tissues and probably even death could be caused by levels of blood glucose which are too low.
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